Thorsten J Nagel

Jingao Liu, D. Alard, O. Project : Research. N2 – Highly depleted Archean peridotites have proven very amenable to Re-Os model age dating. In contrast, due to the increasing heterogeneity of mantle Os isotope compositions with time, the Re-Os system has not been as effective in dating post-Archean peridotites. The timing of depletion and accretion of post-Archean lithospheric mantle around cratons is important to understand within the context of the evolution of the continents. In an attempt to precisely date post-Archean peridotite xenoliths, we present a study of the petrology, mineralogy and geochemistry, including whole-rock Re-Os isotopes, highly siderophile elements and clinopyroxene-orthopyroxene Sr-Nd-Hf isotopes of peridotite xenoliths from Lake Nyos in the Cameroon Volcanic Line CVL. Eight Nyos peridotite xenoliths, all fresh spinel lherzolites, are characterized by low to moderate olivine Fo contents However, trace element patterns of both clinopyroxene and orthopyroxene are not a pristine reflection of melt depletion but instead show various extents of evidence of metasomatic enrichment.

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This site is using cookies to collect anonymous visitor statistics and enhance the user experience. Science Classification details. This worldwide event affected life on land and in the sea, but we do not yet understand how it occurred. To determine the causes of mass extinctions, it is important to establish their rates and temporal relationships to possible causal events such as global climate change, asteroid impacts and volcanism.

So it would be worth going forward with your geocronologia lu hf dating action plan, while others care more about intelligence. Though they both dig each.

Paleozoic metamafic rocks garnet amphibolites with typical normal mid-ocean ridge basalt chemical compositions were recently identified from an uplifted lower-crustal rock assemblage in the Chencai area of the Cathaysia Block. This article focuses on the first integrated studies of secondary-ion mass spectroscopy SIMS zircon U-Pb dating and zircon Lu-Hf-O and whole-rock Sm-Nd isotopic analyses on these metamafic rocks, for the purpose of better constraining the ancient geodynamic processes of this orogeny.

These ratios resemble those of basaltic rocks newly derived from a depleted-mantle source. It is thus inferred from such isotopic characteristics, as well as previously published data of the metamafic rocks, that the previous notion—that a deep lithospheric fracture reaching asthenospheric mantle was absent from the Early Paleozoic South China Orogen—should be reconsidered. Background Citation Zhao, L. The Journal of Geology, 6 , Identity Digital Object Identifier doi Citation Zhao, L.

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Lutetium–hafnium dating

Hf-w dating Lu-Hf method utilizing the age of asteroids in a mesosiderite asuka Pdf the radioactive. In the document focuses mainly with canonical.

The high Lu/Hf ratios found in garnets make these minerals useful for Lu–Hf dating of metamorphic events in a manner analogous to Sm–Nd. In particular, the​.

For more than decades potassium-dating K-Ar and argon-element Ar-Ar dating of rocks has been crucial in underpinning the facts of years for The Latest. May , , marks the 39th anniversary of the eruption of Mount St. Why are we talking about a historic volcano on a podcast about biblical A recent systematics on a plant in the lutetium systematics Brassica Rapa provides evidence that plants continuously track environmental changes both in real By Frank Sherwin and Jeffrey Tomkins Fruit flies have been the foundational invertebrate of biology research for decades.

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Dating post-Archean lithospheric mantle

Brouwer , M. Groen, O. Nebel, J. Wijbrans , H. Qiu, Q.

ABSTRACT. Lu–Hf isotope system and Sr–Nd–Hf–Os isotope systematics of mantle rocks is capable to unravel the early processes in collision.

Downes, Hilary and de Vries, C. International Journal of Earth Sciences 1 , pp. ISSN Clinopyroxenes in some fresh anhydrous spinel peridotite mantle xenoliths from the northern Massif Central France and Lower Silesia Poland , analysed for a range of incompatible trace elements by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, show unusually strong negative anomalies in Hf and Zr relative to adjacent elements Sm and Nd, on primitive mantle-normalised diagrams.

Similar Zr—Hf anomalies have only rarely been reported from clinopyroxene in spinel peridotite mantle xenoliths worldwide, and most are not as strong as the examples reported here. Nevertheless, some mantle xenoliths from Poland or the Czech Republic may be amenable to Hf-isotope dating in the future.

The Lu–Hf dating of garnets and the ages of the Alpine high-pressure metamorphism

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Kimberlites from Southern Africa, along with their low-Cr megacrysts, have unusual Hf—Nd isotopic characteristics. Group I kimberlites have Hf values varying from —1. Low-Cr megacryst suites from individual Group I kimberlites have compositions that overlap those of their host kimberlites. The trend for all Group I kimberlite megacrysts Hf values —1.

The data indicate a genetic link between kimberlites and the low-Cr megacryst suite. Our preferred option is that this component originates beneath the lithosphere, from a reservoir of ancient, deeply subducted oceanic basalt that became incorporated into the convecting mantle source region for Group I and Transitional kimberlites. Allegre, C. The evolution of mantle mixing.

Allsop, H. A summary of radiometric dating methods applicable to kimberlites and related rocks. In: Ross, J. Special Publication of the Geological Society of Australia 14, —

Extending In-Situ Dating to New Geochronometers: Pb-Pb, Sm-Nd, Re-Os, and LuHf

The Lu-Hf isotope system, with applications to geo- and cosmochemistry, was first investigated in the early s Patchett b ; Patchett and Tatsumoto a, b , c , following the successful implementation of the Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd isotope systems several years earlier. There are some obvious similarities between the Lu-Hf and Sm-Nd isotope systems and, as a result, they have long been used in concert in a wide range of studies e.

In these two systems all elements are lithophile and refractory with high condensation temperatures. Because of these characteristics it has long been assumed that their abundances in the Earth can be approximated by chondritic meteorites see discussion below. In addition, all elements in these systems behave incompatibly during melting and are concentrated in the melt over the residual solid.

In both systems, the daughter element e.

Lu-Hf method utilizing the age of asteroids in a mesosiderite asuka Pdf the radioactive. In the document focuses mainly with canonical. These minerals.

Continue to access RSC content when you are not at your institution. Follow our step-by-step guide. Bast uni-muenster. When such samples are spiked, correcting for the isobaric interference of Lu on Hf is not always possible if the separation of Lu and Hf is insufficient. In addition, Sm—Nd and Rb—Sr separations can easily be added to the described two-stage ion-exchange procedure for Lu—Hf.

The routine analysis of sub-ng amounts of Hf will facilitate Lu—Hf dating of low-concentration samples.

U-PB AND LU-HF GEOCHRONOLOGIC CONSTRAINTS ON THE PROTEROZOIC EVOLUTION OF THE RUBY RANGE, MONTANA

Ltd, 3. Presentation information Print Tweet. Hence, in-situ measurements are highly desired for geochronology. Moens et al.

Lu-Hf and Sm-Nd garnet geochronology: chronometric closure and implications for dating petrological processes. / Smit, Matthijs Arjen; Scherer, Erik E.; Mezger.

Portsmouth Research Portal. Bird M. Thirlwall Professor Rob Strachan C. Caledonian orogenesis in Scotland is currently interpreted in terms of a Mid-Ordovician arc—continent collision Grampian event followed by the Silurian collision of Laurentia with Baltica Scandian event. Lu—Hf and Sm—Nd garnet ages of c. Lu—Hf and Sm—Nd ages of c. The existing two-stage Grampian—Scandian model for Caledonian orogenesis in northern Scotland is thus an oversimplification, and the new ages imply a more complex structural evolution.

The restriction of the Late Ordovician and Silurian events to the Northern Highland terrane reinforces the suggestion that it was far removed from the Grampian terrane until juxtaposition following major end-Caledonian Devonian sinistral displacement along the Great Glen Fault. A similar record of Mid- and Late Ordovician metamorphic events within the Laurentian-derived Uppermost Allochthons of Norway has been attributed to episodic accretion significantly prior to Silurian continent—continent collision and closure of the Iapetus Ocean.

Geochronology

Lu-Hf and Sm-Nd garnet geochronology : chronometric closure and implications for dating petrological processes. N2 – To investigate the systematics of the Lu—Hf and Sm—Nd garnet chronometers, we performed REE and isotope analyses on garnet crystals of different size 0. The Lu—Hf dates are similar among grains having radii larger than 1.

In contrast, Sm—Nd dates are equal to or younger than the — Ma age of peak metamorphism. Instead, the isotope dates are interpreted to reflect partial loss of radiogenic Hf and Nd, and are used to constrain the systematics of the garnet chronometers at high temperature.

The prospects of garnet-based Lu-Hf geochronology returning accurate ages Whereas the U-Pb system showed early promise for dating garnet (Mezger et al.

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Rare-Earth Clocks, Sm-Nd and Lu-Hf Dating Models: Radioactive Dating, Part 5

Providing customized analytical solutions at the highest standards of quality assurance and quality control. Samples for U-Pb dating are processed using a Rhino jaw crusher, a Bico disk grinder equipped with ceramic grinding plates, and a Wilfley wet shaker table equipped with a machined Plexiglass top, followed by conventional heavy liquid and magnetic separation using a Frantz magnetic separator.

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Hafnium isotope measurements by LA-MC-ICP-MS have revolutionized interpretations derived from zircon by combining Hf information with U/Pb ages from the.

Subduction zones are places on the Earth where dense ocean crust descends or subducts beneath more buoyant continental or oceanic crust. Active subduction zones are responsible for most of Earth’s large earthquakes and explosive volcanic eruptions. Ancient subduction zones now exposed at the Earth’s surface provide important information on the processes, both physical and chemical, occurring within active subduction zones.

Determining the timing and rates of past events in these ancient subduction zones, however, has proven extremely difficult. This proposed research will develop a new technique to determine ages on lawsonite, an important mineral that forms during metamorphism associated with subduction zones. Dating lawsonite, therefore, provides geologists the ability to determine the timing and rates of ancient subduction processes.

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